How to Replace Rotten Window Trim

How to Replace Rotten Window Trim

If you want to resell a home, keep in mind that the outside is the first thing people see. By noticing what condition the trim is 31, when people walk into a home for the first time, the majority of them have already done an evaluation of the home. Your home is already off to a bad start if the window trim is currently missing. The order in is important to repel water correctly, although it does not take exceptional skills to replace deteriorated or sterile wood trimming.

Insert the tip of a flat crowbar. If it won’t go under, tap with a hammer the back of it. Pry down on the crowbar up and lift the trim.

Grab the trimming with both hands till it comes free of the arrangement, and pull it. That is fine if it breaks. Use the claw end of the hammer or the crowbar to remove. Eliminate of trim.

Measure of the window across the bottom. Using a miter saw, cut a new piece of span.

Place the trim beneath the window. Flush it on both ends. Use a 2-inch and hammer nails to attach it, spacing the nails no farther than 16 inches apart.

Measure from the top of the window, down both sides that are vertical. Be certain to measure all of the way to the base of the brand new piece of trimming that you nailed on. Cut and nail them flushing into the top and underside.

Measure from the upper corners of the window throughout the top of trim which you nailed on. Cut nail it on and a piece of trim to that dimension.

Run a thick bead of exterior caulking around the outside and inside perimeter of the trimming. If you have cracks anywhere, fill them with caulking. If your joints are not tight or perfect, fill them with caulking. Paint or seal to match existing exterior.

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How to Build a Table With a Laminate Countertop

How to Build a Table With a Laminate Countertop

You may build a simple table with panels for a laminated top and thighs using hardwood plywood. This kind of table is sturdy and won’t wobble. The strength comes from three plywood sections which compose the table at an inverted”U” shape. This layout has been around centuries, resembling an old-world altar. When laminate is inserted, it turns into a contemporary table in your property.

Put two of those -by-30-inch pieces of plywood horizontal across two sawhorses. Use a brush to cover one side of them with adhesive. Put the two -by-30-inch pieces of plywood on top of the pieces. Stack all four pieces. Put hand clamps around the outside of the stack, spaced and twist. Wait one hour for the paste to dry and remove the clamps. All these will be the leg panels.

Put among those 3/4-by-24-by-36-inch pieces of plywood over two sawhorses. Brush a layer of adhesive on one side. Put the piece on the piece. Put hand clamps around the perimeter every 6 inches and twist. Wait one hour for the paste to dry and remove the clamps. Here is the top.

Run a bead of adhesive on the backs of all four of those 1/4-by-inch pieces of hardwood. Put one on each of the 1 1/2-inch sides contrary from one another on the rough-sawn border of the plywood panels to pay the saw border, of these panels. Pin nails along both sides of the hardwood strips, spaced to secure the strips.

A table saw blade to 45 degrees. Once you miter them miter the ends of all four pieces. Run a bead of adhesive across the backs of all four pieces. Put the pieces . Put the brief pieces on the ends of the top, bringing the corners together. Pin nails throughout the hardwood, spaced to secure the hardwood.

Fill all of the nail holes, cracks or seams using wood dough and a putty knife. Sand the top and the leg panels smooth with sandpaper. Round borders and all of the corners.

Glue one 3/4-by-3/4-by-22-inch piece of hardwood to both sides at the same end of both leg panels. These will be the cleats that allow you to attach the top and the leg panels together. Pin nails through the cleats spaced to secure them to the panels.

Put the table top upside down. Run a bead of adhesive along one end of their leg panels. Put them vertically on top of the desk, 6 inches from either end. Use 5/32-inch piece and a cordless drill to drill six pilot holes on both sides of the leg panels through all the cleats.

Add 2-inch screws in all the holes. Use the screw gun to tighten the screws into the holes, securing the leg panels to the very top. Twist the table on the feet of it.

Brush a layer of contact cement onto the rear of the laminate, and the table’s cover. Wait 30 minutes. Put the laminate on top of the desk, making sure that the borders overhang on all four sides. Harness the laminate randomly mallet to bond it to the plywood.

Add a 3/8-inch flush cutting piece to a router. Route around the outside of the table top to remove the edges of the laminate. Sand the edge of the laminate and hardwood with 120-grit sandpaper attached to a hand block. Stain and lacquer desired.

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The Way to Jackhammer a Floor

The Way to Jackhammer a Floor

Buying a jackhammer for ripping up a flooring at home isn’t cost effective, with prices running $1,000, due to this date of publication. But renting and having a jackhammer is more than simply laying your money down and taking one house. Safety equipment is compulsory. Jackhammers are dangerous if misused, but with care and the ideal technique, it is going to remove a flooring faster than any other hand-held tool.

Dress in clothing and boots.

Plug the compressor to the electric socket for a pneumatic jackhammer permit it to begin to fill with air. Attach the compression hoses into the compressor and into the hammer unit by pulling back to the hose nut with your fingers and forcing it over the nipple. Release. An electric jackhammer does not need a compressor. It works by plugging it .

Mark the area to be removed with a paint or chalk line.

Put on safety goggles, hearing protection and a breathing mask.

Attach the correct piece to the jackhammer by sliding it into the correct hole and tighten it down with the provided screws or chuck. You are probably going to begin with the chisel bit to make the first hole in the concrete.

Position yourself in front of the area to be jackhammered. Keep your feet balanced and roughly 45 degrees apart. Hold the jackhammer up before you with both hands securely on the grips. Don’t allow it to lean to any side.

Put the jackhammer over the center of the floor area with the weight of it resting on the chisel bit. Switch it on. Don’t force the machine downward; instead, allow it to go up and down alone, which does the work with its weight.

Change the piece to the spade bit after the initial hole is punched to the concrete. The spade bit is much bigger in diameter and may break off large pieces at one time.

Put the spade bit blade close to the border of the center hole and turn back the hammer on. Continue to split chunks of concrete off back toward the border of the area to be removed. If the blade is too much back from the center hole, it might bind in the concrete. Stop the hammer and then move the blade should this happen. Trial and error will show you the optimum placement for the blade to reduce the largest possible parts of concrete from the floor.

Discontinue if necessary to remove the cracked concrete from around your cutting area with a shovel and set it into a wheelbarrow to be moved as necessary. A bolt or rebar cutter may be required to free up the concrete if the floor was reinforced.

Permit the jackhammer to come into a complete break after turning it off prior to removing your palms. Always rest the jackhammer in a erect posture.

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Typical House Additions

Typical House Additions

If your family is growing or you just need more space, a home improvement may be a cost-effective way to achieve your wants. Home additions can be a lavish or functional alternative, but whatever the case, the expense is an investment which can potentially increase the value of your premises. Improvement yields vary, according to the property’s location and the addition’s function, but based on a survey by, homeowners can expect to recover about 64% of their project’s cost.


A wood deck is perhaps the cheapest method to add value to your property. According to Remodeling magazine, the average domestic cost to bring a wood deck is approximately $10,000. However, homeowners can expect to recover about 82% of the cost. A combo deck costs marginally more and includes a lower yield yield. The identical survey reported that the national average cost of a composite deck inclusion is over $15,000 and yields a yield of 74 percent.


For growing families, adding a bedroom by refinishing an attic or basement, or by physically adding a new room may be more cost-effective than purchasing and moving into a new home. Not all bedroom additions are made equal, however. Based on Remodeling, a master suite prices normally $100,000 but produces a normal yield of 66 percent on resale value, while the average cost of an attic bedroom is $43,000 and contains a mean yield of 74 percent. One proposed strategy is to search for large enclosed spaces which can be shut off by building a new wall. By way of example, homeowners could invest $400 to get a new wall installation but boost their home value by approximately $40,000.


According to repainting, the normal cost of a garage addition is $57,000 and yields a mean yield of 67 percent. Garage prices vary based on type and finish. Some garages are constructed with complete electrical outlets and finished walls, while other garages are merely a shell of their space. If the addition involves stretching or building a new roof, then costs related to adding a suitable ventilation system need to be considered. Homeowners also have the option of building a carport, which is a simpler and cheaper solution to get a vehicle shelter.


Bathroom additions cost on average $38,000 and generate a mean return of approximately 64 percent, based on Remodeling. Much like any improvement, the cost of building a new bathroom will vary based on size, complete and the complexity of the project, because plumbing is thrown into the equation. In accordance with Remodel or Move, several types of toilets have special size requirements. A powder room (or half-bath) should be at least 18 square feet. A bathroom with a shower should be at least 30 square feet. And a bathroom with a shower and bathtub needs to be at least 35 square feet.

Family Room/Sunroom

A family area may cost more to build but has a greater return on investment. According to Remodeling, a household room prices normally $81,000 to build but produces a yield of about 66 percent. On the flip side, a sunroom prices normally $72,000, but homeowners can expect to recoup about 57 percent on their investment.

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HUD Mortgage Assistance Programs

HUD Mortgage Assistance Programs

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) offers new opportunities to families and individuals to reach the American dream. This help is focused toward vulnerable groups like low-income households, people with AIDS, people with disabilities and homeless women and men. HUD’s mortgage assistance programs play a leading role in providing housing aid to people who need it .

Home Mortgage Insurance

The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a part of HUD. It insures more than six million mortgages in the United States. The FHA insures lenders against loss to encourage them to spend their money in the mortgage market and unwind eligibility criteria, so lower income borrowers are able to apply for a mortgage.

Graduated Payment Mortgage

This system allows low-income borrowers who can’t afford standard mortgage obligations, but expect their earnings to increase in another 5 to ten decades. Under this application, premature payments are low–so low, that they don’t even cover the interest, what is known as negative amortization. The negative amortization is added into the loan balance and paid in after years when the payments increase.

Growing Equity Mortgage Insurance

This system allows homeowners increase their monthly payments gradually to reduce the term of the mortgage. This saves money on interest payments and raises home equity faster.

Approved Counseling Agencies

HUD sponsors approved housing counselor agencies around the nation. Homeowners, renters and those searching for a home or a rental can seek guidance from home counselors at no cost. These professionals have a deep understanding of the mortgage market and can assist homeowners to buy a home, refinance their mortgage and avoid foreclosure.

Good Neighbor Next Door

According to HUD, studies indicate that areas with law enforcement officers, educators, firefighters and other public service professionals are stronger and safer. The Good Neighbor Next Door program encourages such public servants to buy a home in revitalization areas at a 50 percent discount.

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Homeowners' Association FAQ

Homeowners' Association FAQ

A homeowners association, or HOA, is a legal entity that oversees a community of houses. They operate within state statutes to apply community regulations and also to accumulate periodic examinations from homeowners. HOAs are designed to proactively protect the interests of the whole community while working within a strict set of bylaws.

Who’s a Homeowners Association?

A homeowners association is led by a board of directors that have been chosen by the homeowners. Most often, the board is made of fellow homeowners with an interest in keeping the area powerful.

Why Are You Currently CC&ampRs?

CC&R stands for covenants, conditions and limitations and will be the governing legal documents that outline the guidelines for the operation of this community as a non-profit company. They’re recorded by the county recorder’s office and are included in the title to your house. Often, a homeowner who fails to abide by the CC&Rs may be fined by the homeowner’s association.

What are Bylaws?

Bylaws are the guidelines for the operation of this non-profit organization that is the homeowners association. These bylaws specify the duties of the several officers of the board of directors, membership voting rights, required meetings, and other specific items that are essential to conduct the homeowners association.

What is an Assessment?

An assessment is the sum that is occasionally due from each homeowner to cover the operating expenses of the common areas, hazard insurance, and also to provide reserve funds for future developments. All homeowners are expected to pay this assessment.

What Exactly Does Fees Pay For?

Like any budget, a homeowners association budget is designed to reflect upcoming debts such as utilitiesand landscaping and management. The book fund is money that’s been set aside for future expenses, such as new lighting, fencing, and street resurfacing. A guideline is that the larger the building, the larger the HOA dues. It makes sense that when there are more windows, structural components, and a larger electric system, there are going to be maintenance problems.

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What Tax Deductions Can Real Estate Agents Take?

What Tax Deductions Can Real Estate Agents Take?

Realtors can deduct any business expense that’s both regular and necessary to create a profit, according to the IRS. Normally, realtors may deduct advertising expenses, professional and licensing fees, educational expenses, a portion of the expenses connected with the business use of the homes and any automobile expenses associated with business use.


Business cards, open house flyers,”for sale” signs, newspaper ads and other types of advertising can usually be deducted as business expenses. Advertising encourages you to be contacted by people for business, which may lead to a profit. Since most real estate brokers must market to generate real estate leads that lead to sales, advertising prices are both regular and necessary, which means for a tax deduction.

Professional and Licensing Fees

Fees charged by attorneys consulted rigorously in regard are tax-deductible, according to the IRS. Prices for attorneys or tax preparers may be tax-deductible on tax returns just. Some realtors decide to combine with the National Association of Realtors or any of its affiliated chapters to elevate their public standing by adhering to a strict code of ethics. Prices of membership may be. The cost of renewing and obtaining a real estate license may be.

Educational Costs

Coursework to renew or obtain a license may be. The IRS requires evidence that any seminars, classes or workshops enhance skills or are required by law to maintain your license in order for those expenses to be tax-deductible.

Home Office

Mortgage interest, homeowner’s insurance, utilities, repairs and depreciation for the portion of the house converted into a house office are eligible for a business expense tax deduction. All expenditures need to reflect the percentage of their home used as a workplace, whether the office is a separate space or a section of a space screened away from the remainder of the house. Another telephone line dedicated to the business may also be deductible.

Automobile stinks

Most real estate brokers use the exact same automobile for business and private use. Automobile expenses should be divided based on mileage. For instance, say a real estate broker’s total annual mileage is 45,000 miles, however, just 25,000 miles were utilized to preview and show properties, hold open houses and attend meetings. The percentage of business use would be 55 percent. If total automobile costs for the year equaled $15,000, just $8,250 would be tax-deductible. Some realtors prefer to choose the standard mileage deduction, which can be 50 cents per mile for 2010. That means $12,500 may be tax-deductible for automobile expenses.

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The Way to Understand a Land Survey

The Way to Understand a Land Survey

Land-survey maps could be confusing, but they are essential for determining property topography and official real estate dividing lines. In accordance with Land Surveyor LLC, every land-surveying job is handled differently, which makes it difficult to comprehend the subtle difference among land-survey results. But should you follow the ideal steps, you can take the mystery from a land-survey report. With just a little prior knowledge, even a novice map reader can comprehend a land-survey map within only a couple of minutes.

Open the whole property survey on a flat surface that is large. It can be tricky to read and comprehend the survey results correctly if you’re not able to view the whole survey as one cohesive document.

Scan the file to get an official state or county seal. If there’s absolutely no seal or logo on the survey, then it is only a preliminary, unofficial mapping of your property. Although this survey might be useful for understanding the property’s basic attributes and estimated bounds, the land lines have never been verified by the county recorder. As a result, the information on the map is still considered tentative and doesn’t establish real property lines or possession.

Locate rsquo & the map;s directional index. It’s very important to orient the map so that north is pointing up. Even in the event that you must turn your head on the side to see slanted or misoriented text, then a typical map will be read with north facing up.

Locate the map key, which is generally located in one of the map’s corners. Each land-surveying company will use slightly different symbols to signify crucial survey items. But, despite distinct labeling, virtually every survey will include symbols for regular items, such as water, altitude, land boundaries, streets, structures and a distance scale.

Use a ruler to correctly comprehend the space scale. This is particularly important considering that lots of survey maps do not have a grid. A ruler can help you accurately measure the space between land boundaries.

Identify important landmarks on the map. It can be tricky to ascertain your premises ’s physical boundaries if you do not use landmarks as reference points. If the survey was created recently, little bets or orange flags could still mark the property’s edge, which makes land lines easier to determine. But for an older survey, the landmarks are always crucial for a complete understanding of the border.

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Community Building Just About Anyone Can Do

Community Building Just About Anyone Can Do

Whether you live in a diverse metropolitan area or a calm, tree-lined suburb, connecting with your neighbors to construct a feeling of community can be difficult. It’s easy to blame the men and women who live around you — or even yourself but the reason is often bigger than that. At times it’s the area itself and its absence of public space that prevent you and others from connecting.

Here we’ll explain to you how to modify your area to create a feeling of community.

Ben Herzog

The value of Public Spaces

Public areas allow neighbors to socialize and connect, whether they are playing with their dogs at a shore, watching children’s football games at a field or playing chess at tables at the park. “You discuss your streets, your parks, your sidewalks with your neighbors,” states Brendan Crain, communications director at Project for Public Spaces. “You are bumping up against one another and interacting. That builds community.”

A scarcity of usable public space limits opportunities to meet other people locally. But if that is true in your area, the good thing is that there is a very simple solution: defining or building public spaces based on your area’s needs.

Union Studio, Architecture & Community Design


The more valuable, important public spaces that exist, the more likely it is that people will use them together. That contributes to shared minutes and relationships.

Urban planners often refer to the process as placemaking. It’s based on locating and creating a neighborhood’s collective vision for a public space. Placemaking reexamines everyday spaces — streets, sidewalks, and empty parking lots — through the eyes of the men and women using them every single day. But does it work?

Many businesses across the United States have brought the concept of placemaking to areas. In Portland, Oregon, City Repair gathers groups of residents to construct decorate or around dilapidated intersections. Occasionally they paint the road, turn an empty lot into a garden or establish a free library. The colorfully painted intersection here in Portland’s St. Johns area, has beautified the road and encourages motorists to slow down.

Before Photo

Matthew Mazzotta

Without a public gathering space, the citizens of York, Alabama, felt disconnected from one another. Artist Matthew Mazzotta worked with the town to turn a dilapidated old house to a brand new unfolding outdoor theater where the entire community can congregate.

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Schwartz and Architecture

Temporary Placemaking

naturally, there is a difference between seeing the demand for a public space and having the ability to make it. Raising money and going through local government stations can appear intimidating, so many residents implement temporary placemaking ideas.

Park(ing) Day is 1 example. It started in San Francisco but has spread to cities across the nation. Every year on September 19, people around the U.S. place quarters in local parking yards, reserving spaces all day and creating little parks for people to enjoy. The concept shows what can be accomplished with existing road spaces and other ways people can use them.

In San Francisco the program has resulted in the development of parklets Throughout the city throughout the Pavement to Parks program.

See more parklets in our Design Lover’s guide to San Francisco

The Better Block, based in Texas, reinvents public streets into an occasion or gathering space for one weekend, highlighting its potential for residents and local lawmakers. Here an empty stretch of road in Wichita, Kansas, turned into a contemporary parklet using a bike path.

Calling attention to a public space reveals the need to improve it. This doesn’t need to involve a lot of work, possibly: Placemaking can mean things such as having a knitting club meet in an amazing park, throwing a concert at the road or hosting a small craft fair at a quiet street. “This is particularly helpful in areas that are underutilized,” states Brendan Crain of Project for Public Spaces. “Even if it’s an awkward match, you are calling the community’s attention to it.”

What You Can Do

Take some ownership of your own neighborhood. Placemaking helps residents understand they have the ability to produce and shape the place where they live. “There’s something powerful about caring for the public realm,” states Maria Rosario-Jackson, an expert in urban planning and a senior research associate at the Urban Institute. “There’s the duty of caring for something larger than yourself.”
Start small. Maybe your dream of a brand new park is not possible yet, but you can assist your neighbors see how great it would be by hosting a neighborhood children’ play in your front yard. Do something temporary. Experiment before making any permanent changes. You do not have to bring out the bulldozers just yet — determine if your concept captures on first. Mow that meadow and host a couple of impromptu football matches, put a couple of Ping-Pong tables in an alley or establish a few food tables near that particular street. If it works, you will have a motivated group of people to help to make your dream a permanent reality. Bring out your life to the streets. Placemaking doesn’t need to involve anything out of this box. Just bring one of your daily passions or habits out. This could be something such as cooking, playing games, playing music (quietly) or perhaps working on a Wi-Fi hotspot. Find a leader. “An significant part creating a community is leadership,” states Rosario-Jackson. “Find a community leader to help create a culture of participation.” Communicate. Don’t let connections or motivation fade. Share ideas and keep in contact using a Google Group or your neighborhood-based social network Nextdoor.Learn more about placemaking at the Project for Public Spaces

Inform us : Can you see a way it to make your area a stronger community?

More: Novel It: Bring a Mini Library For Your Front Yard

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What House Cases Help You Feel Like a Kid Again?

What House Cases Help You Feel Like a Kid Again?

About once a year, I just take down a tattered cardboard box in the top shelf in my closet and sift through my little collection of comic books and baseball cards. Ironically, the first thing I do is check online to see if any of those items have exponentially appreciated in value. They never have. If I sold everything today, I’ve somewhere in the ballpark of $13.

This disappointment is always fleeting. When the fiscal consciousness falls off, I am left with the genuine value of Wolverine #4 and Barry Bonds (back when he was skinny). All these small mementos take me back to blissful moments when I was a kid, when life was simple and all that mattered was baseball and comics.

Many homeowners feel exactly the exact same way. A collection may not be superheroes and retired sports stars, but maybe it’s a complete pair of Ty Beanie Babies, which my spouse proudly owns, or a stunning variety of Matchbox cars. Whatever the items, their meaning and worth are priceless.

We’d love to see what makes you feel like a kid again. Listed below are a couple of special collections. Please show us in the Comments, and we’ll follow up with an ideabook showcasing your screen.

Sarah Greenman

Terry Minshull served together with the Paso Robles fire department in 1962 to 2005, starting at age 21 as a volunteer, then finishing his career as the town’s fire marshal. His vast collection of classic fire trucks, gear and firefighting gear fills his and his spouse’s den.

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Sarah Greenman

Benedict August

This homeowner proudly displays an astonishing G. I. Joe set in his man cave.

Lindsay von Hagel

Brian Gibb and Misty Keasler exhibit their set of limited-edition designer toys in a kitchen wall.

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Flea Market Sunday

Dan Benedict shows his train set in his office.

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Susan Jay Design

Not going to lie. I love Pez and have always been fascinated by the dispensers. This homeowner’s set that spans numerous shelves near the ceiling is additional, er, sweet.

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Your turn: Show us your collection!

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