How to Wash Antique Mirrors

How to Wash Antique Mirrors

Antique mirrors add a touch of vintage charm to your home. But frames — particularly people who have filigree or other ornamentation — can become stale, as well as the glass may get smudged. A soft touch is vital when cleaning antique mirrors to safeguard the glass and frame. Rather than using harsh chemicals, use gentle goods to avoid damaging the mirror. Regular cleaning helps keep your mirror looking shiny, taking it from dusty relic to dialogue piece.

Dust the mirror frame with a feather duster or soft-bristled paintbrush. You do not need to utilize dusting spray.

Insert 1/4 cup white vinegar to 1 cup. As an alternative, use plain rubbing alcohol.

Saturate a little part of a chamois cloth with the vinegar solution or alcohol.

Wipe the mirror glass with the cloth, avoiding the frame. Wipe the mirror with a dry chamois cloth to prevent streaking.

Buff the surface of the mirror in circles with the dry chamois cloth or a piece of crumpled paper to bring out the shine.

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Sizes of Septic Tanks & Shapes

Sizes of Septic Tanks & Shapes

Septic tanks are typically made of fiberglass, plastic or reinforced concrete. Metal tanks are also available, but these can corrode rapidly and are not typically recommended. Septic tanks may be constructed in rectangular, round or oval forms, but the shape of a septic tank does not typically affect its function. The main factor in picking a septic tank is making sure you have the right size to adapt your house.

Concrete Tank Construction

Concrete septic tanks are heavy and usually rectangular in shape. They are typically constructed in one of 3 different types: mid-seal, top-seal, or monolithic. Mid-seal tanks contain 2 halves, and these are joined with a mastic sealant. A top-seal tank is just a one-piece cylinder using a concrete lid. Monolithic cast tanks are cast in a factory as one unit, which makes them more waterproof but also more costly than other forms of concrete tanks.

Debate and Plastic Tanks

Fiberglass and plastic tanks are produced in around or capsule-like shapes and have a nearly impervious waterproof seal. They’re more costly than concrete units, but since these tanks are formed as one piece, there are no seams, the tanks are lightweight, and they are more resistant than concrete tanks to impact cracks.

A Range of Tank Sizes

Septic tank sizes are measured in liters, based on the quantity of sewage the tank can hold. Septic tanks must hold at least 2 days’ worth of sewage from your house so the seams correctly separate from the liquids prior to the liquids move in the absorption field. The tank size is based on the amount of bedrooms in your home. Standard tank sizes are usually 1,000, 1,250 and 1,500 gallons, and these suit most homes. Typically, the minimum tank liquid capacity of a single- to three-bedroom house is 1,000 gallons. A four-bedroom home requires a minimal 1,250-gallon tank, and a house with five bedrooms requires a minimal tank fluid capacity of 1,500 gallons. In case you have a spa or whirlpool, add one-bedroom worth of capacity per fixture.

Estimating Your Needed Tank Size

Tank dimension is calculated using a very simple calculation, although other factors, such as soil type, needs to be considered as well. For this reason it is best to get a specialist assess the site and your house to determine the ideal size of tank for your requirements. However, to obtain an idea of the minimal size required for your house, multiply 150 gallons per bedroom, and multiply the total by 2 to allow for your 48-hour retention time required. As an example, a one-bedroom house would need a minimum tank fluid capacity of 300 gallons. If your house contains more six bedrooms, or you have five bedrooms and a spa, you’d multiply 150 by 6, and the total, which is 900, is multiplied by 2 to give you a minimum liquid capacity of 1,800 gallons.

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How to Promote Oil Heating With Pellet Stoves

How to Promote Oil Heating With Pellet Stoves

There’s nothing quite like the smell of burning timber, however the relative inefficiency and high levels of pollution of wood stoves has led many families to steer clear of wood heating in favor of oil and other kinds of fuel. The introduction of wood pellets, which burn cleaner and more efficiently than other types of timber, has directed some homeowners to return to the tradition of wood heating. Before you switch, then weigh the advantages and disadvantages of heating with pellets versus oil to compare prices, availability and other critical features.

Compare Costs

The typical family requires 50 to 150 thousand BTUs to heat a house for the winter, according to the Forests Products Laboratory. To compare prices for various kinds of heating fuels, it’s helpful to look past the cost per unit and consider cost-per-thousand BTUs of heat. A 2011 report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration found that pellets cost $19.43 per thousand BTUs, while oil was priced at $36.33 per thousand BTUs. Prices for oil and pellet heating vary by year and location, but generally speaking, heating with pellets prices less than heating with oil.

Check Availability

Of course, low average costs for pellets mean very little if you can not find pellets in your area. While 11 percent of all homes use oil heating, less than 3 percent of the populace heats with wood pellets, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. That means pellets may not be readily available in all markets. Before you invest in a pellet stove, check online or in the telephone book for local pellet vendors. If none are available, the cost of shipping pellets to your residence may be restrictive, making oil the cheaper of the two options.

Think about the Environmental Impact

When it comes to the environment, you will discover pros and cons to both pellets and oil heating. Wood pellets are a waste product and function as an ingenious way of recycling scrap timber. On the other hand, the “Foster’s Daily Democrat” reports heating with pellets produces 50 times more pollution than burning oil, despite the fact that pellets burn much more cleanly than conventional wood. While oil burns cleaner and produces fewer emissions than pellets, its biggest disadvantage is the fact that it is a fossil fuel. That means it’s in relatively small supply, and both costs and availability can fluctuate over time.

Ask About Maintenance Requirements

While looking for a new pellet or oil heating system, ask about maintenance requirements for each. Generally, pellet stoves have to be cleaned frequently to remove ash. They also require regular reloading to maintain a constant supply of pellets. Oil-powered systems normally require just seasonal cleaning of the chimney and exhaust systems and may be simpler for those seeking to minimize time spent on maintenance.

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Can Pole Beans Be Planted Next to Sunflowers?

Can Pole Beans Be Planted Next to Sunflowers?

In companion planting, different plants’ capacity to grow and prosper together leads to a naturally healthy and vigorous garden. Under this principle, specific plants get along well with other plants, even to the point of enhancing and stimulating development. But not each pairing is a great one. Some plants, such as sunflowers, don’t develop well with pole beans. Cucumbers and sunflowers, on the other hand, are a joyful marriage.

The 3 Sisters Principle

Sunflowers look as though they should be the perfect host for a climbing plant such as the rod bean. Underneath the 3 sisters principle, beans are positioned to grow up the corn stem; consequently, beans improve the soil by fixing nitrogen; squash, meanwhile, rises below the beans and maintains the soil shaded. This mutual aid society, however, does not seem to work as well when sunflowers are involved. The sunflower is a bad companion for pole beans and also will hider their growth when planted close by.

Sunflowers and Competition

Chemical compounds in the seed husks as well as the leaves and stalk of the sunflower ensure it is incompatible with certain crops. This chemical procedure, known as allelopathy, is a plant’s capacity to produce and excrete natural compounds into the soil that discourage seed germination and development of certain other plants. And pole beans aren’t the only incompatible plant; potatoes additionally suffer from the chemicals in sunflowers.

What to Plant Under Sunflowers

If you’re looking for something to plant below your sunflowers, try cucumbers. Cucumbers aren’t affected by the chemicals in sunflowers, and there’s also a mutual benefit to this marriage. The cucumber produces lots of lush foliage near the ground that shades the soil, keeping it cool and slowing moisture loss. The sunflower, with its tall stem and large leaves, which provides needed afternoon shade to the tender cucumber plants, maintaining the leaves and developing fruit from being scorched.

Pole Bean Companion Planting

Some relationships work nicely for the rod bean. Crops that stimulate and encourage strong increase are eggplants, radishes and cucumbers. And also to keep insects at bay, try planting rosemary or catnip close by. There are some other incompatible plants for the pole bean. Avoid planting onions, beats, any member of the cabbage family members and kohlrabi as well as fennel and gladiolus among the rod bean plants. One of the greatest companions for pole beans is corn. Beans climb the corn stem and attract beneficial insects that attack insects in your corn plants. Combine that with the nitrogen-fixing properties of beans, and you have a truly happy marriage in the garden.

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What Animal Pest Eats Bean Plants?

What Animal Pest Eats Bean Plants?

Dwelling in a rural area means lots of space for a backyard garden, but also you share your property with little animal pests that love to feed on your own garden. Many crops, including legumes, are susceptible to feasting insects. Beans contain a huge selection of beans, many who are grown in the home garden, such as green beans and broad beans. When planting beans, it is possible to help control animal pests by fencing in the developing area or using traps and repellents to help keep away the insects.

Groundhogs

Groundhogs, also called woodchucks and whistle pigs, produce burrows in grassy strips of territory and often make dens beneath porches and decks. These herbivorous insects come out to feed in midsummer and eat a host of garden vegetation, including legumes, peas and carrot tops. Groundhogs are about 20 to 25 inches in length weigh between 4 and 11 pounds. They have brown fur, small ears and eyes and strong front legs for digging. Signs that a groundhog is eating your beans include a smooth cut at a diagonal plane on the bit ends of this vegetation.

Rabbits

Rabbits are cute, furry creatures. Cottontails and the jackrabbits are two types of bunnies that feed on garden vegetation. Cottontails live among brush and might live under slightly raised constructions around your yard. Cottontail rabbits generally weigh between 1 1/2 and 2 3/4 pounds, are between 12 and 15 inches long, and have pale gray coat and smaller ears than the jackrabbit. Jackrabbits weigh between 3 and 7 pounds, grow 17 to 21 inches long and are grayish-brown in colour with black tips in their ears. A bunny’s bite also smoothly cuts the vegetation.

Deer

You often spot deer near wooded areas and close rural farmlandnonetheless, some deer do live in suburban locations. Deer are herbivores and generally feed on leaves and twigs, but when they live close farmland or have access to some vegetable garden, deer do eat soybeans, corn and other garden vegetables. Deer are big in contrast to other animal pests. They weigh between 100 and 300 pounds with a short tan fur in summer and large ears; male deer have antlers. Deer droppings and ripped or nibbled foliage are signs deer are eating your beans.

Other Pests

Voles, chipmunks and squirrels are known to eat the leaves of plants that are young. Vole damage is often confounded with cutworm damage since these creatures eat the stems and leaves as they work via a row of crops. Birds can also hurt recently sprouted seedlings of corn, peas and beans by pulling them from the ground. For birds, you can use row covers to protect young plants.

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Mosquito Foggers for a Home Yard

Mosquito Foggers for a Home Yard

Mosquitoes are not only pesky, but they can carry disease, too. If mosquitoes are a problem in your yard, you might consider foggers. These products have their own benefits and costs. Before using a mosquito misting system installed or employing an outside fogger, consider the types of chemicals used, their safety and effectiveness. For many, a mosquito home fogger is a good alternative, but others may get better results using more conventional approaches or avoiding mosquito bites.

Setup

Foggers or misting systems frequently require elaborate equipment installations. Professional installation of these systems, which includes tubing and nozzles organized around your yard’s perimeter, is required. The tubes are fed by a reservoir of insecticide that’s meant to kill adult mosquitoes that fly during your yard. A timer turns on the program to publish the insecticide at regular intervals.

Best Use

The North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension support notes that outdoor fogging system don’t keep mosquitoes at bay for more than a few hours. In case the wind picks up or it rains, the insecticide in the atmosphere can dissipate in less time. Once the insecticide is gone, the mosquitoes will likely come back to your yard. For the best results via an outside fogger, the University of California, Davis, Integrated Pest Management Program recommends using the fogger a couple of hours before an outside event but relying on other choices for long-term mosquito management.

Problems

The American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) takes issue with home mosquito misting systems for many reasons. The organization notes that the use of insecticides could be excessive because the systems are often on timers and don’t come on in reaction to elevated numbers of mosquitoes. This excessive use of insecticides can promote resistance to these chemicals in insects. The AMCA also notes that there does not seem to be decent scientific evidence that these systems function.

Special Precautions

In case you have a butterfly garden, an outdoor mosquito fogger isn’t a good notions. The chemicals used not only kill mosquitoes, but they could also harm butterflies. The insecticides sprayed out by outside mosquito foggers can also harm other beneficial insects in your garden.

Alternatives

Before you have a fogging system installed, make alterations to your yard to eliminate breeding sites for mosquitoes. In case you have any standing water in your yard, like bird baths or low spots, remove the water. In case you have a bird bath or gutters, make sure to wash them frequently to eliminate any mosquito eggs that might have been laid in the water. Preventing mosquitoes from laying eggs by removing stagnant water resources have become the most effective way of preventing mosquitoes in your yard for a long-term foundation, according to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension.

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Problems With Paver Walkways

Problems With Paver Walkways

Paver walkways are not problem-free, especially if setup wasn’t done properly. Walkway woes can range from cosmetic to producing potentially dangerous situations for your feet or tree roots. Identifying the issues inherent with paver walkways are able to help you pay additional attention to your setup process to protect against those problems in the future.

Loose Pavers

Loose pavers are a tripping hazard, particularly if you have people in your family who have trouble with freedom. If you didn’t have a firm, stable foundation before laying the pavers, then you may observe the pavers come loose or tilted in the future. To avoid this, check the mud or gravel basis under the scoop is flat before you start laying them. Edging on either side of your walkway can also avoid the scoop from sliding to one side.

Weeds Between Pavers

Weeds can develop between pavers, making an unsightly walkway. Should you see weeds, it is possible to pull them out by hand or apply a post-emergent herbicide. Pre-emergent herbicides between pavers can stop weeds from growing in the first location. For a chemical-free solution, disperse dry polymeric mud between the pavers in the walkway. After wetting the mud and letting it set, it creates a barrier that weeds cannot grow through.

Drainage

Walkways may prevent water from reaching your soil, or it can create the water runoff in the pavers to flood parts of your lawn. The broader the walkway, the larger the problems you’ll have with water runoff and drainage. To avoid these issues, use pavers that are labeled as either permeable or have enough space between pavers for water to reach the soil.

Tree Root Damage

Constructing a walkway takes you to dig into the ground to make a foundation for those pavers, yet this digging and also the weight of the pavers on the finished pathway can damage tree roots. The California Oaks organization warns against building paved walkways close to the main zones of pine trees because the walkway can prevent air from reaching the soil, digging can physically hurt the roots and soil compaction can influence the texture of the soil around the tree. To avoid these issues, California Oaks recommends assembling raised decks or walkways near oak trees.

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How to Keep Birds From Building a Nest in Your Gas Grill

How to Keep Birds From Building a Nest in Your Gas Grill

Finding a bird’s nest after opening your gas grill in the spring or after a lengthy hiatus can certainly put a damper on your outdoor plans, especially if the eggs have hatched. Birds are known to build their nests in gutters and ports around your home, and sparrows can enter through holes as small as 1 1/4-inch in diameter. Any quiet, sheltered area such as the inside of your grill can be inviting to get your little bird. Protect your gas grill during winter and when not in use for long stretches of time to avoid uninvited feathered friends appearing in your next backyard barbecue.

Clean out the inside of your grill, removing any previous indications of birds, such as grass, straw and twigs. Clean the outside and inside of the grill with soapy water. Rinse the grill using clean water and let the grill dry.

Wipe the grill grates and burners using coconut oil to prevent rust. Wrap the burners in a plastic garbage bags and tape the bags shut with duct tape.

Close the grill lid. Inspect the grill for any tiny openings. Use utility shears to cut parts of copper mesh from a roll and stuff them into any tiny openings on the grill. The copper mesh will keep birds from going into the grill.

Wrap the grill in bird netting if you live in an area with a tall bird population or have had problems with birds nesting in odd areas around your home in the past. The bird has little opening that birds cannot pass through.

Cover the grill in a grill cover that has an elastic bottom and also a pull strings to fasten it. A good cover will avoid the birds accessing the inside of the building and grill nests.

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Issues With Reed or Willow Fencing

Issues With Reed or Willow Fencing

Willow cuttings and reeds are attractive natural solutions to fabricated fencing materials. Willow and reed fences are relatively simple to build and preserve, but thanks to their minimally processed character, they present a few issues that are unique to fences made from these close-to-nature materials.

Decay

The most frequent problem with fences made from willow, reeds or other bare natural materials is decay. When exposed to weather, the following materials will naturally deteriorate over time if left untreated. Preservative treatments, like linseed oil-based preservatives, help control natural decay and deterioration. Willow ought to be allowed to dry thoroughly before it’s treated with a preservative. Depending on weather conditions, decent drying can take up to a year from the time that the fence is installed.

Sprouting

Willows spread extremely readily and their vigorous propagation can be a problem when willow branches or trunks act as fence posts. Given sufficient moisture, a newly cut willow post is very likely to sprout if it’s pounded into the ground as a portion of the fence structure. A remedy for this dilemma is to use just thoroughly dried willow for posts or to use commercially milled lumber posts.

Living Fence Growth

Living willow fences are a popular choice to cut willow fences. Fresh willow cuttings are shoved into the ground and then woven together to form a fence. The cuttings sprout and grow and leaves fill in the fence, providing shade and privacy. But if the divisions are not properly implanted, the growth can be irregular. Cuttings that are implanted vertically tend to sprout just at the ends, leaving gaps in the middle of the fence, so cuttings should be implanted in a 45-degree angle, which encourages them to sprout along their whole length.

Unbraiding

If not properly tied and braided, willow or reed branches tend to unbraid over time. This may be exacerbated by exposure to wind and weather. Regular maintenance of the fence, such as retying and rebraiding any divisions that have come free from their place in the fence, which will help to maintain the fence structure from substantially degrading over time.

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The Way To Wash Bamboo Fabric

The Way To Wash Bamboo Fabric

Bamboo fibers form a silky-soft yarn that supplies an easy-care fabric for bedding, clothing and undergarments. The fibers also include natural antibacterial properties which help stop odors and prevent mildew and bacterial growth. Resistant to ultraviolet rays, the fabric is frequently used for daily wear and for sportswear, notably as an underlay because it wicks perspiration and humidity away from the human body. Properly washing your bamboo things prolongs their life and keeps them looking almost new.

Separate light and dark fabrics as you would for any laundry room. Dye can bleed from dark bamboo and stain lighter fabrics or make them look depressing.

Place the fabric in the washing machine. Add the quantity of nonbleach powdered or liquid detergent recommended on the jar to get the load size.

Wash the bamboo fabric on the soft with cold water. Allow the cycle to finish.

Dry the fabric on the reduced or fragile setting in the dryer. Do not use fabric softener sheets when drying. Alternatively, line-dry the bamboo things.

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